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 White-winged Crossbill

Status in Michigan
Uncommon Transient

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for White-winged Crossbill.

Use the links below to view the White-winged Crossbill reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View White-winged Crossbill sightings.
White-winged Crossbill Archives Reports
Fall 2003 1
Spring 2003 44
Winter 02-03 91
Fall 2002 4
Summer 2002 16
Spring 2002 4
Winter 01-02 155
Fall 2001 41
Summer 2001 0
Spring 2001 2
Winter 00-01 73
Fall 2000 0
Summer 2000 0
Spring 2000 3
Winter 00-99 26
Fall 1999 31
Spring/Summer 1999 2

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: White-winged Crossbill

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the White-winged Crossbill
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
White-winged Crossbill
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text
The Birds of Michigan - by: Norman A. Wood
Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75

Loxia leucoptera leucoptera Gmelin
White-winged Crossbill

Status little known. Less common than L. curvirostra, in the south, but more common on Isle Royale, and perhaps in the Upper Peninsula. One nesting record (Delta County).

First recorded for Michigan by Miles (1861: 227).

Upper Peninsula.-On Isle Royale in 1904, 1905, and 1929, the White- winged Crossbill was noted in small flocks in the latter half of July and August (N. A. Wood, Peet, and McCreary, 1906:125; Max M. Peet, 1909:365). On the mainland it has been found sparingly in Gogebic County (Klotz, 1928: 222; Leonard Wing, 1940: 196; U.M.M.Z., March, July, November, December specimens) ; in Ontonagon County (N. A. Wood, Peet, and McCreary, 1906: 117); and eastward to Sault Ste Marie (Magee, 1919 ; 237-38 ; 1923d: 121; 1940a: 61-62). In the Huron Mountains, Marquette County (S. S. Gregory, Jr., 1929: 181; Manville, 1941: 240-41), where the species had previously been considered rare, it was present in hundreds in January and February, 1941, but was nevertheless outnumbered more than 3 to 1 by the Red Crossbill. Both crossbills may have been breeding at that time, since specimens (U.M.M.Z.) in breeding condition were collected. E. T. Hooper secured a White-winged Crossbill (U.M.M.Z.) August 26, 1940, north of Hermansville, Menominee County. On April 27, 1891, A. J. Sehoenebeck (Nehrling, 1896: 44) collected a nest �with 2 fresh eggs about 10 miles west of Escanaba, Delta County-the only definite breeding record for Michigan. A few White-winged Cross- bills have been found several times a year in one season or another (seldom in summer), at McMillan, Luce County (Bryens, 1939: 104; and notes; Bryens and Fritz, 1933: 39; Leonard Wing, 1940: 196) ; 24 were there on December 25, 1932. At Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, a flock -was observed on July 14, 2023 (N. A. Wood, 1914: 67), and on June 5, 2023 ("a few birds'-Tyrrell, 1934: 23). On February 22, 1918, some 40 miles south of Sault Ste Marie, Magee (1919 : 237-38) noted mixed flocks totaling about 500 crossbills, "the White-winged variety predominating, about two to one."

Lower Peninsula.-At Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County (Fortner and Metcalf, 1929: 250; Blanchard and Nelson, MS of 1937; U.M.M.Z.), 1 or 2 White-winged Crossbills have been noted during July and August on 4 occasions. On Beaver Island, Charlevoix County, Barrows (1904: 80) ob- served "a small squad" on July 13,1904; on Hat Island (one of the Beaver Island group) on July 1, 1940, 0. S. Pettingill, Jr., collected a male (U.M.M.Z.) from a flock of 50 that flew to the island and departed almost immediately. Records from more southern localities extend from late October and November to late March and early April. A group of at least 100 White-wings (4 in U.M.M.Z., collected by C. H. Westman) were feeding near Waters, Otsego County, on January 9, 1938. Several were identified by Trautman in a flock of crossbills at Houghton Lake, Roscommon County, on November 27, 1937. Gibbs (1885: 86; 1889: 188; 1900: 140) found the White-wing to be only a straggler in Kalamazoo County-rarer than the Red Crossbill and never numerous. Reports from other southern areas indicate a similar status. The White-wing, was found near Battle Creek ("Walkinshaw, 1930d: 134) on January 28 (several), and February 4, 2023 (4). J. B. Steere took 9 specimens (Max M. Peet collection) at Ann Arbor on March 23 and 26,1883; individuals and small groups have been noted there on very rare occasions, from the first week of November to late March and early April (N. A. Wood, 1921o; 592; later data) ; a specimen (M.C.Z.) was taken April 4, 1885, at Ann Arbor. The species was found also-though rarely-about Detroit (Swales, 1903: 38, and notes; Swales and Taverner, 1907:145); on November 8, 1906, Swales observed a flock of 7 at Grosse lie. Northward, in Sanilac County, a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) was secured by Harriet Thompson on October 28, 1906. Swales (1904d; 281) corrected a report by A. J. Cook (1893o; 108) that the species bred in Genesee County.

Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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