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 Upland Sandpiper

Status in Michigan
Uncommon Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Upland Sandpiper.

Use the links below to view the Upland Sandpiper reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Upland Sandpiper sightings.
Upland Sandpiper Archives Reports
Fall 2003 4
Spring 2003 11
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 1
Summer 2002 11
Spring 2002 20
Winter 01-02 0
Fall 2001 2
Summer 2001 16
Spring 2001 26
Winter 00-01 0
Fall 2000 0
Summer 2000 52
Spring 2000 43
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 1
Spring/Summer 1999 14

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Upland Sandpiper

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Upland Sandpiper
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Upland Sandpiper
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text

Bartramia longicauda (Bechstein)
Upland Plover

Transient, more common in fall than in spring. Uncommon summer resident in Lower Peninsula; occurs in summer in Upper Peninsula.

First listed for Michigan by Sager (1839 : 416).

SPRING.-Formerly abundant in Michigan, the Upland Plover has been rare since the late nineteenth century. In the last 10 years it has steadily increased in numbers. Movement takes place principally in the latter half of April and in May.

Lower Peninsula.-According to L. W. Campbell (1940: 74, 188) arrival in the Toledo-Erie marsh area has averaged May 4, the earliest date being April 17 (1932). J. B. Purdy wrote on May 3, 1909, that at Plymouth, Wayne County, "one bird made its appearance April 18th [1909] and two more on April 19th. ... I have heard them quite often since.'' The species usually arrives in the third and fourth weeks of April (though occasionally earlier) in the Ann Arbor region, where specimens (U.M.M.Z.) have been collected, and 1 to 3 individuals are noted in spring almost every year. The Upland Plover has appeared at a similar time about Battle Creek, Calhoun County (rather regularly in the 1930's according to Walkinshaw, 1941: 115; and notes). Gibbs (1885: 166), referring to the period of former abundance, wrote that in Kalamazoo County the species '' arrives in the latter part of April as a rule, but sometimes earlier.'' For 7 consecutive years in the Mio region of Oscoda County, Verne Dock- ham observed first arrivals between April 25 (1939) and May 12 (1935). Maurice G. Brooks observed 12 near Grayling, Crawford County, from May 19 to 21, 1939. Three specimens (1 in U.M.M.Z.) were collected by 0. H. "Westman at Waters, Otsego County, on May 15, 1938. The species was recorded on Beaver Island, Charlevoix County, by N. A. Wood on May 6, 1929, and in the Douglas Lake area, Cheboygan County, by Blanchard and Nelson (MS of 1937) on May 4 in 1937.

Upper Peninsula.-Christofferson (at Blaney, Schoolcraft County) and Bryens (at McMillan, Luce County) have found individuals on April 24 and 27 (1933, 2 on each day at Blaney), on May 4 (1934, 1 at McMillan), and a few times later. Walkinshaw listed the species at Seney, School- craft County, on May 6, 1937.

SUMMER.-Egg sets have been found from the first week of May to the last of June.

Lower Peninsula.-In Detroit in 1942 Mrs. Dick Findlay found a nest that contained 1 egg on April 23 and 4 eggs May 2; she photographed the eggs on May 8. In 1939 in the same locality 6 nests with 4 eggs each were discovered from June 1 to "about July 1" (Klingersmith, 1939: 92-94). In the Ann Arbor region 1 or 2 individuals have been observed nearly every summer, and a nest was found in 1938 (west of Ypsilanti) by M. T. Sturgeon. Walter Koelz (1923: 38) stated that 2 pairs nested every year at Waterloo, Jackson County, but he supplied no data; Fargo listed the species in the county on June 11, 1924, and noted an individual at Jackson on July 6, 1934. In June, 1933, Walter E. Hastings photographed an adult on a nest near Luther, Lake County. According to data received from various investigators, the Upland Plover seems to be fairly well distributed in the vicinity of Crawford County. In Oscoda County, 8 miles southwest of Mio, a fledgling was found by Van Tyne on June 20, 1941; and at Red Oak, 9 miles northwest of Mio, on May 29, 1933, a nest with 4 eggs was found by Max Laage and photographed by Walkinshaw. In Kalkaska County west of Frederick (Crawford County), another nest containing 4 eggs was discovered on June 5, 1938, by Walkinshaw. In southeastern Otsego County, a third nest, with 4 eggs, was noted by Trautman on June 22, 1926. In the northeastern corner of Otsego County, Van Tyne (1925:615) observed an adult with a week-old young on July 9, 1923. Blanchard and Nelson (MS of 1937) find that this species, having "clearly increased in abundance" about Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, is now seen there "frequently"; they report a half-grown young photographed in that locality on July 3.

The Upland Plover doubtless breeds elsewhere than in the areas mentioned, since it has been found from late May to early July in numerous other localities: Calhoun County (Walkinshaw, 1930e: 290); Berrien County (N. A. Wood, 1922: 11) ; Ottawa County (near Allendale, a "pair" on May 19,1939, that "acted as if resident"-G. A. Ammann); Bay County (10 miles east of Bay City, 1 bird on June 18, 1939, that "acted as if nesting"-Ammann) ; and Iosco County (near East Tawas-Kittredge, 1925:144). In the Upper Peninsula it was reported in Chippewa County (at Strongs, 2 on May 29, 1934, by Walkinshaw); in Luce County (at McMillan, 1 on June 24, 1940, by Bryens) ; in Schoolcraft County (at Blaney, 2 on both June 16, 1931, and May 22, 1932, by Christofferson); and in Delta County (at Rapid River, June 6, 1931-Leonard Wing, 1940: 177). FALL.-The southward movement occurs chiefly in July and August. Upper Peninsula.-Individuals were listed during the last week of July at Little Lake, Marquette County (Kittredge, 1927: 259), as well as at Ironwood, Gogebic County, and Rexton, Mackinac County (Leonard "Wing, 1940: 177; and notes). Bryens has reported a few at McMillan, Luce County, in July and August, the largest number being 8 (on August 6, 2023) . On Drummond Island, Chippewa County, on July 19, 1938, a flock of about 15 (1 in U.M.M.Z.) was flushed by R. A. MacMullan and T. D. Hinshaw.

Lower Peninsula.-During 6 consecutive years in the Mio region, Os- coda County, the species departed between August 2 (in 1937) and August 22 (in 1940), according to Verne Dockham. In northwestern Huron County, N. A. Wood and Gaige (1911: 282) saw it on August 3 in 1909 and several times thereafter. P. Martin writes that a flock of 11 was present from August 2 to 17, 1940, on the Prairie Farm, Alicia, Saginaw County. Three birds were at Three Oaks, Berrien County (Brodkorb, 1929: 397-98), on August 26, 1928. Gibbs (1885: 166) stated that in Kalamazoo County the species remained until October 15 and occasionally into November, but probably referred to wounded birds, since the species was extensively hunted at that time. Near Dixboro, Washtenaw County, an individual was seen by H. W. Hann on July 22, 1931. There is 1 report of early flocking: R. E. Morrill, on June 28, 1941, at the Wayne County Airport, 4 miles south- east of Wayne, found at least 50 Upland Plovers, and a slightly larger number 3 days later. At Detroit, Klingersmith (1939: 92-94) observed none in Redford Township after late July; Swales (1904&; 84; and notes) examined a bird shot in Hamtramck Township on October 20, 1902. In the Toledo-Erie marsh area (L. W. Campbell, 1940: 202), main flight has been noted on the average between July 11 and August 21, and a few birds re- main through the first week of September.

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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