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 Spruce Grouse

Status in Michigan

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Spruce Grouse.

Use the links below to view the Spruce Grouse reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Spruce Grouse sightings.
Spruce Grouse Archives Reports
Fall 2003 9
Spring 2003 6
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 1
Summer 2002 0
Spring 2002 5
Winter 01-02 1
Fall 2001 4
Summer 2001 2
Spring 2001 10
Winter 00-01 0
Fall 2000 10
Summer 2000 3
Spring 2000 13
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 7
Spring/Summer 1999 4

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Spruce Grouse

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Spruce Grouse
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Spruce Grouse
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text
The Birds of Michigan - by: Norman A. Wood
Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75

Canachites canadensis canace (Linnaeus)
Canada Spruce Grouse (A.O.U. 1998: Spruce Grouse)

Local permanent resident, rare south of the Straits of Mackinac, re- corded recently south to Ogemaw and Iosco counties.

First recorded for Michigan by Sager (1839: 416).

The Spruce Grouse was formerly common or abundant in the coniferous forest of Upper Michigan, and as far south as the sources (in central Michigan) of the Manistee, Muskegon, and Au Sable rivers, according to Van Winkle (1892:186), for Delta County; Boies (1897:20), for Chippewa County; Eddy (1884: 41), for the North Branch of the Au Sable River; A. J. Cook (1893a: 67); Barrows (1912: 223) ; and specimens (U.M.M.Z.) collected in Luce and Chippewa counties. By the time of Barrows' writing (1912), the species was considerably reduced in numbers in certain sections, occurring very sparingly south to Roscommon County.

Upper Peninsula.-Newly hatched young have been found by June 17 (Marquette County), and young able to fly by June 27 (Schoolcraft County). Trautman recorded an adult in southern Houghton County on October 4, 1934. The species is considered rare in the Huron Mountain .region, Marquette County (Christy, 1925: 210; S. S. Gregory, Jr., 1929:176; and T. Gregory, 1932: 10), but has been observed there (usually 1 or 2 at a time) on a number of occasions during the past decade, and several specimens have been secured; on October 10, 1933, 2 flocks were noted and a specimen was collected by W. P. Harris. Near Republic, in south- western Marquette County, Benjamin C. Jenkins discovered a covey on June 23, 1938, and southward at Floodwood, Dickinson County, A. G. Ruthven took a male (U.M.M.Z.) on July 12, 1915. In the files of the Museum of Zoology are relatively recent reports of the species from most of the western counties of the peninsula, but they lack confirmation. Since about 1935 both adults and young have been observed a number of times in School- craft County, usually individuals or small groups, but sometimes groups of several dozen birds; on June 27, 1938, in the Cusino Game Refuge (in the extreme northwestern part of the county) Blaine Brannon and F. M. Baumgartner saw a hen with 7 young able to fly, thought to be about 2 weeks old; on September 29, 1940, near Seney, Walter E. Hastings and Mrs. Brannon photographed a group of 18 or 20; about 42 were noted on October 2, 1940, near Germfask, by Brannon and Adolph M. Stebler, and a somewhat smaller group shortly thereafter by Brannon and others. Numbers have been found and specimens (U.M.M.Z.) collected in the Lake Superior State Forest of northern Luce County (Leonard Wing, 1940:175-76), where, according to J. dark Salyer, the species was reported by Conservation Officers Thorson and Beach in October, 1933, as noticeably more abundant that year. R. E. Olsen (1935: 100; and notes) and A. D. Tinker recorded the species on 5 out of 19 field days in late August and early September, 1934 to 1938, in the neighborhood of Deer Park in this region; they recorded 20 on August 31, 1936, and collected a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) ; 15 on September 1, 1938; and 5 or less on the other 3 days. Several were observed in the vicinity of Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, in 1912 and 1914 (N. A. Wood, 1914: 62), and 2 males (Mich. Dept. Conserve. Collection) were shot there on October 4, 1939. In the same county, Laurence Dayton noted 1 on March 2, 1938, near Hulbert, and Trautman found a female with about 10 young on June 23,1926, at Munuscong Bay. Howard P. Benson, B. H. Van Leaven, and others have re- ported the species as plentiful on Drummond Island, Chippewa County; in the summer of 1938 an adult female with at least 5 young (U.M.M.Z.) was noted there on July 19 (T. D. Hinshaw and R. A. MacMullan).

Lower Peninsula.-In Oscoda County, a Spruce Grouse was killed, ac- cording to Verne Doekham, on November 22, 1936, near Luzerne, and 2 others were killed on October 17, 1938, near Mio. In Crawford County the foot and tarsus of a Spruce Grouse, taken November 1, 1939, near Grayling, were identified by Donald W. Douglass. Southward in Roscommon County, a male was seen in the summer of 1914 by Max M. Peet, near Prudenville, and a female was noted on October 17, 1927, on the west side of Houghton Lake, by Walter E. Hastings. In the vicinity of the Ogemaw Game Refuge near Rose City, Ogemaw County, Blaine Brannon reported seeing several occasionally in 1927, 1931, and 1933. The species has been observed regularly in Iosco County since 1926 by Conservation Officers. Among these re- ports, which usually concern single birds seen, are: August 23, 1941, a covey of 5, photographed by Charles R. Brown and Arthur Leitz in the Silver Creek region of central Iosco County; and a female flushed by Leitz and George L. Egbert northwest of Oscoda, Iosco County.

Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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