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 Prothonotary Warbler

Status in Michigan
Uncommon Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Prothonotary Warbler.

Use the links below to view the Prothonotary Warbler reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Prothonotary Warbler sightings.
Prothonotary Warbler Archives Reports
Fall 2003 3
Spring 2003 17
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 0
Summer 2002 6
Spring 2002 15
Winter 01-02 0
Fall 2001 1
Summer 2001 6
Spring 2001 11
Winter 00-01 0
Fall 2000 0
Summer 2000 9
Spring 2000 15
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 2
Spring/Summer 1999 1

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Prothonotary Warbler

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Prothonotary Warbler
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Prothonotary Warbler
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Protonotaria citrea (Boddaert)
Prothonotary Warbler

Local summer resident north to Eaton, Newaygo, and Oceana counties.

First recorded for Michigan by Gibbs (1879: 483).

SPRING.-Arrival is reported during the last few days of April and the first week in May. From 1930 to 1940, Walkinshaw recorded arrival in the vicinity of Battle Creek on dates ranging from April 26 (1939) and May 15 (1937), and N. A. Wood (1922: 25) recorded arrival in Berrien County from May 8 to May 22. The earliest record from the Ann Arbor region is that of A. B. Covert (1903: 60) and N. A. Wood, who on May 8, 1896, observed a pair building a nest in a swamp near South Lyon, Oakland County, and collected both the female and the nest (U.M.M.Z.). A. B. Covert (1903: 60) and Alexander W. Blain, Jr., observed a male in full song at Grosse Pointe, Wayne County, on May 9, 1903, and in Mottville Township, St. Joseph County, H. W. McBride (Barrows, 1912: 581) found the species abundant in May, 1891. Barrows (1912: 582) also mentions a record of Miss H. H. Wright, who found a dead bird in Saginaw on May 26,1907.

SUMMER.-Walkinshaw (19416; 3-21; 1939d; 65) found 121 nests in the vicinity of Battle Creek, over an 11-year period (1930 to 1940), and, in 1938, found eggs as early as May 8 but more commonly after the middle of May; he found fledglings in the first half of June. C. E. Underdown (1931: 612-13) discovered a nest with young and noted at least a dozen adults on June 21, 1931, near Hesperia, Oceana County. E. R. Ford (1927: 117) observed a singing male in Newaygo County on June 20, 1926, and found a nest with 5 eggs in Ottawa County May 25, 1922. E. R. Kalmbach and H. A. Moorman (Kalmbach, 1908: 230; Barrows, 1912: 581) noted this warbler in numbers along the Grand River in Jackson and Ingham counties during late June, 1907. The species probably breeds in Hartland Township, Livingston County, where R. E, Olsen saw 8 adults and 12 young on July 12,1936.

FALL.-Southward migration occurs in late August and early September. Walkinshaw has recorded the species as late as August 27 (1930) in the vicinity of Battle Creek, Calhoun County. Brodkorb (1929: 398) collected a male in Berrien County on August 28, 1928, and C. J. Henry se- cured a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) near Augusta, Kalamazoo County, on September 4, 1933. N. A. Wood has taken several specimens (U.M.M.Z.) at Portage Lake, Washtenaw County: one August 13,1918; another on August 19, 1918; and one on September 6, 1919.

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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