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 Peregrine Falcon

Status in Michigan
Uncommon Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Peregrine Falcon.

Use the links below to view the Peregrine Falcon reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2008
View Peregrine Falcon sightings.
Peregrine Falcon Archives Reports
Summer 2005
Spring 2005
Fall 2004
Spring 2004
Winter 03-04
Fall 2003 22
Spring 2003 11
Winter 02-03 8
Fall 2002 17
Summer 2002 6
Spring 2002 12
Winter 01-02 14
Fall 2001 17
Summer 2001 12
Spring 2001 20
Winter 00-01 9
Fall 2000 53
Summer 2000 1
Spring 2000 8
Winter 00-99 1
Fall 1999 92
Spring/Summer 1999 5

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Peregrine Falcon

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text

Faico peregrinus anatum Bonaparte
Duck Hawk (A.O.U. 1998: Peregrine Falcon)
U.M.M.Z. Animal Diversity Reference

Rare transient. Rare local summer resident in northern counties along the Great Lakes. Twice reported in winter (Wayne County).

First listed for Michigan by Sager (1839: 413).

SPRING.-Bent (1938: 65), speaking of the species in general, said that "there appears to be very little regularity in the seasonal movements of this species, as dates of arrival and departure vary greatly in any one locality,'' and this is particularly true in Michigan; the few spring records indicate a straggling migration from the second week in March to some time in May.

Lower Peninsula.-L. W. Campbell (1940: 59, 187) gave 12 spring records for the Toledo-Erie marsh area from March 19 to May 30. At Detroit the species was recorded twice in spring: 1 seen on March 9, 2023 (Swales, 1912a: 102), and 1 collected on March 25, 2023 (Blain, 1904: 54; Swales, 1905: 108). Taverner recorded 1 at Huronia Beach, above Port Huron, St. Clair County, on April 19, 2023 (Swales, notes). In the Ann Arbor region several Duck Hawks have been observed and 2 collected (1 in U.M.M.Z.) from March 10 (1884, 1 at Silver Lake, reported by N. A. Wood, 1912: 159) to April 16 (1 noted in 1934 by Brodkorb). An individual was present on May 6, 1926, at Fish Point, Tuscola County (N. A. Wood), and an immature female was collected by Miller Empey on May 17, 1936, northeast of Linwood, Bay County.

Upper Peninsula.-At McMillan, Luce County, Bryens recorded the species (1 on each date) on March 28 (1938); April 4 (1935) and 14 (1937) ; May 2 (1936), 16 (1933), and 23 (1934). A Duck Hawk shot on May 2, 1932, at Blaney Park, Schoolcraft County, by an unknown person, was sent to the Museum of Zoology by Christofferson. Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, an important spring concentration point for migrating hawks, has yielded few records of this species: Curren Hawkins reported that he shot 2 in the hawk flights of April, 1925 (Fargo) ; and the species was reported (1 seen on each occasion) on May 12, 1936, by Brodkorb, on May 14, 1937, by S. D. Knox, and on June 11, 1930, by Tyrrell (1934: 25).

SUMMER.-Eggs and young have been found in June and July.

Upper Peninsula.-On South Fox Island, Leelanau County, on June 20, 1939, A. E. Staebler and L. D. Case discovered a nest with 2 eggs (U.M.M.Z.) in the process of hatching. On Mackinac Island, in 1939, Walter P. Hill saw a nest, with the adults and 1 or more juveniles near by, on July 19, and in 1940 saw a Duck Hawk near the same nest site on May 31. On the "south shore of Lake Superior," E. A. Doolittle found full- fledged young in early July, 1906 (Barrows, 1912: 290), and (along the Pictured Rocks, Alger County) "Walter E. Hastings photographed a nest containing young in July, 1927. Davie (1889: 187) reported that "Mr. Norris has a set of 3 eggs taken April 14, 1876, at Michigumni [= ? Michigamme, Marquette County], Mich." This report can be verified and the data completed when the Norris collection, now in storage, can be examined. A Duck Hawk (U.M.M.Z.), banded as a nestling at Marquette by W. S. Feeney on June 25, 1939, was shot by a duck hunter the following October 24 near Toledo, according to L. W. Campbell (1940: 60). The species has been reported, though without nesting evidence, at McMillan, Luce County (4 times in July and early August, by Bryens) ; in the Huron Mountain region, Marquette County (several times by Christy, 1925: 211; and S. S. Gregory, Jr., 1929: 177); and at Golden Lake, Iron County (1 seen on August 20, 1938, by John L. George and R. L. Patterson).

Lower Peninsula.-Individuals (possibly migrants) have been noted in summer at Detroit on July 15, 2023 (1 taken, Swales, 1912a; 102), and on July 17, 2023 (1 seen at Grosse He by Swales); at Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, on August 8, 2023 (M. T. Sturgeon, 1940: 92-93); and at Ann Arbor in August, 1880 (N. A. Wood, 1912: 159).

FALL.-The southward movement (chiefly in September and October) apparently extends from late August to November.

Upper Peninsula.-On Passage Island, Isle Royale, Albert Brown collected a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) on September 15, 1929; and at Whitefish Lake, Alger County, Shiras (1935: 105-6) saw an individual in October. Fargo observed 3 at Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, on August 20, 1925, and Bryens has seen the species at Macmillan, Luce County, on a half-dozen occasions from September 25 (1928) to October 14 (1935).

Lower Peninsula.-In the hawk flights of September, 1929, near Muskegon, 2 specimens (U.M.M.Z.) were taken by Frank Antisdale on September 27. A specimen (U.M.M.Z.) was taken at East Tawas, Iosco County, in September, 1895, by Jack Sims; 1 individual was recorded on 3 occasions, and 2 specimens (U.M.M.Z.) were collected at Charity Island, Huron County, between September 20 and October 5 in 1910 (N. A. Wood, 1911:94) . Near Stony Lake, Jackson County, Roger T. Peterson noted 2 on August 29 and 1 on September 2, 1929; at Whitmore Lake, Washtenaw County, Trautman saw 1 on September 5, 1936. At Grosse He and about the mouths of the Detroit and Huron rivers (Wayne and Monroe counties) 12 birds have been reported and several taken between August 25 (1912, 1 seen at Grosse He by Swales) and September 14 (1932), but the majority in October (Swales, 1905: 108; 1912o: 102). In 1912 an extensive hawk flight occurred in the area on October 17, which included at least 4 Duck Hawks (observed by Swales and Lynds Jones). The species has been seen in the area until November 9 and 21 (1909,1 noted on each date by Swales). Trautman and E. L. "Wickliff noted an individual at the Erie Marsh, Mon- roe County, on September 13, 1932, and R. B. Lawrence collected a female at Monroe in October, 1880. L. W. Campbell (1940: 187) has recorded individuals in the Toledo-Erie marsh area generally between the last of August and mid-October.

WINTER.-On January 20, 1931, 1 of 2 Duck Hawks that had been preying on pigeons in downtown Detroit for about a week was shot by Sergeant Max Wendlandt, who now has the mounted specimen; on January 21, 1940, an adult was observed at the Detroit Airport by John Kieran.

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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