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 Orchard Oriole

Status in Michigan
Uncommon Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Orchard Oriole.

Use the links below to view the Orchard Oriole reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Orchard Oriole sightings.
Orchard Oriole Archives Reports
Fall 2003 0
Spring 2003 35
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 1
Summer 2002 15
Spring 2002 37
Winter 01-02 0
Fall 2001 2
Summer 2001 6
Spring 2001 32
Winter 00-01 0
Fall 2000 0
Summer 2000 23
Spring 2000 37
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 1
Spring/Summer 1999 5

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Orchard Oriole

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Orchard Oriole
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Orchard Oriole
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text
The Birds of Michigan - by: Norman A. Wood
Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75

Icterus spurius (Linnaeus)
Orchard Oriole

Uncommon summer resident north to Saginaw County.

First recorded for Michigan by Sager (1839: 414).

SPRING.-In the Toledo-Erie marsh area, L. W. Campbell (1940: 158,196) has generally found this oriole by May 10, and recorded 16 near the Erie marsh on May 9,1936. Swales (1903: 37) noted it in the Detroit area by the middle of May; Maurice G. Brooks and others found it "very common" along the lower Detroit River, May 14, 1939. Near Ann Arbor, R. E. Stewart saw one on May 4, 1938, and Trautman one on May 5, 1936. From 1930 to 1940 the Orchard Oriole was noted in Calhoun County by Walkinshaw during the first half of May, and was recorded in the vicinity of Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, by F. W. Rapp (1931: 20) as early as May 4 in 1913. It has been found at least as far north as Freeland, Saginaw County, where one was collected by Miller Empey on May 16, 1937.

SUMMER.-The Orchard Oriole is found nesting in Michigan from mid-May to the latter part of June or early July. From the Detroit area Swales recorded a nest with 3 eggs on June 21 (1892c; 45-46) ; 1 with young on July 24, 1889; and another with 4 eggs on July 4, 1892. A nest with 4 eggs (U.S.N.M.) was taken at Petersburg, Monroe County, on May 29, 1882. Van Tyne found a nest with young at Ann Arbor on June 20, 1926, and Walter Koelz (1923: 38) reported a few pairs of Orchard Orioles nesting in the vicinity of Waterloo, Jackson County. In Calhoun County Walkinshaw noted a nest with 2 young on June 3, 1937, and another with 2 young Orchard Orioles and 1 Cowbird on July 17, 1937. In the vicinity of Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, F. W. Rapp (1931: 20) listed a nest with 4 eggs May 26, 1890, and a nest with 3 eggs, June 15, 1897.

FALL.-Records for this season are scanty, but indicate that the specie^ remains in Michigan until the latter part of August and early September: F. W. Rapp (1931: 20) noted an individual at Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, on August 27, 1909, and N. A. Wood (1922: 20) saw 2 in Berrien County in July and August, 1917. In the Detroit area, Swales observed 2 on August 26,1882,1 on September 9, 1907, and one on September 11,1906.

Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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Michigan Bird Records Committee Website.
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