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 Northern Hawk Owl

Status in Michigan

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Northern Hawk Owl.

Use the links below to view the Northern Hawk Owl reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Northern Hawk Owl sightings.
Northern Hawk Owl Archives Reports
Fall 2003 0
Spring 2003 0
Winter 02-03 21
Fall 2002 0
Summer 2002 0
Spring 2002 0
Winter 01-02 1
Fall 2001 0
Summer 2001 0
Spring 2001 16
Winter 00-01 78
Fall 2000 17
Summer 2000 1
Spring 2000 4
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 0
Spring/Summer 1999 0

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Northern Hawk Owl

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Northern Hawk Owl
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Northern Hawk Owl
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text
The Birds of Michigan - by: Norman A. Wood
Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75

Surnia ulula caparoch (Muller)
American Hawk Owl (A.O.U. 1998: Northern Hawk Owl)

Rare winter visitant south to Kalamazoo and St. Clair counties. One breeding record (Isle Royale).

First listed for Michigan by Sager (1839: 413).

The species has been noted once in fall in late September (on Lake Superior), but usually not until late October or November. Most records are for November and December, but there are 2 records for spring (March and April in Chippewa County), and a juvenile (U.M.M.Z.) in partial down was collected on Isle Royale on August 4, 2023 (0. McCreary, 1909:92; Max M. Peet, 1909: 353).

Upper Peninsula.-Kneeland (1857: 233) reported the Hawk Owl as common near "Eagle River and Harbor," Keweenaw County, but he pro- vided no detailed data. A Hawk Owl that alighted on a ship September 27, 1926, on the Michigan side of Lake Superior was banded and photo- graphed by Christofferson (Magee, 1927: 115-16). Arthur Moshimer took a specimen (Miller Empey collection) in northwestern Schoolcraft County, near Melstrand, Alger County, on November 13, 1935. At Seney, School- craft County, in the winter of 1935-36, E. E. Crawford recorded Hawk Owls between November 14 and the last week in February, 1 or 2 daily in December and January. Six specimens have been taken in Chippewa and Mackinac counties, from mid-October to December: at Sault Ste Marie a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) was secured December 5, 1926, by Christofferson (Magee, 1927: 115-16); 2 other specimens were taken in Chippewa County, 1 on Neebish Island in 1894 (Boies, 1897: 27; Barrows, 1912: 333-34), and 1 at Detour on November 10, 2023 (by Basil Shannon) ; 3 specimens were taken in Mackinac County, 1 (U.M.M.Z.) on Marquette Island, November 17, 1910, and 2 near Trout Lake in 1896 (Barrows, 1912: 333-34). There are 2 spring records for Chippewa County; Christofferson trapped a Hawk Owl (Grand Rapids Muss.) at Munuscong Bay on March 17, 1928, and saw 1 at Sault Ste Marie (Magee, 1927 : 115-16) on April 29, 1926.

Lower Peninsula.-On the Crooked River, northeast of Alanson, Emmet County, B. D. Owens collected a Hawk Owl (U.M.M.Z.) in the fall of 1927, sometime after October 15. About December 14, 1905, 1 (Taverner collection) was taken at Clare, Clare County. This owl is usually rare at Vicks- burg, Kalamazoo County, but it was "common" there in the winter of 1906-7; that winter F. W. Rapp (1931: 15; and notes) examined 3 local specimens and observed 2 Hawk Owls in flight. Two November specimens (1905 and 1906) from Port Huron, St. Clair County, were reported by Bar- rows (1912: 333-34; see also Taverner, 1906; 108; and Swales, 19106; 454).

The Michigan records on file list the following winters of occurrence: 1856-57 (Keweenaw County), 1894-95 (1), 1896-97 (2), 1905-6 (4, south to Clare and St. Clair counties), 1906-7 (1 in St. Clair County; "common" in Kalamazoo County), 1910-11 (1), 1925-26 (1), 1926-27 (3 or more), 1927-28 (2 or more), 1934-35 (2), and 1935-36 (3 or more, in Schoolcraft County).

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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Michigan Bird Records Committee Website.
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