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 Long-tailed Duck

Status in Michigan
Fairly Common Transient

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Long-tailed Duck.

Use the links below to view the Long-tailed Duck reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Long-tailed Duck sightings.
Long-tailed Duck Archives Reports
Fall 2003 219
Spring 2003 1856
Winter 02-03 3407
Fall 2002 162
Summer 2002 1
Spring 2002 2515
Winter 01-02 5448
Fall 2001 186
Summer 2001 0
Spring 2001 2839
Winter 00-01 13503
Fall 2000 1717
Summer 2000 0
Spring 2000 0
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 0
Spring/Summer 1999 3

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Long-tailed Duck

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Long-tailed Duck
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Long-tailed Duck
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text

Clangula hyemails (Linnaeus) Old-squaw (A.O.U.: Long-tailed Duck )

Abundant transient. Common winter resident. One summer record.

First recorded for Michigan by Sager (1839: 417).

FALL.-A few individuals or small groups are sometimes noted in late September or early October; the main flight begins in middle or late November.

Upper Peninsula.-There are 2 fall records: 2 specimens (U.M.M.Z.) were collected at Drummond Island, Chippewa County, by P. S. Lovejoy on October 20, 1928; an individual was seen at McMillan, Luce County, by Bryens on November 10, 1929.

Lower Peninsula.-A specimen (U.M.M.Z.) was collected at Alpena by Walter Koelz on November 16, 1917; 3 (U.M.M.Z.) were taken at Houghton Lake, Roscommon County, by W. McCell on November 1, 1928. N. A. Wood (1911: 88) noted the arrival of the species at Charity Island, Huron County, on October 11. In the Detroit area, Swales (notes) and Taverner (1908: 207) listed the Old-squaw as an uncommon species. Taverner (1908: 207) recorded single specimens shot there on October 21 and 31 and recorded arrival there generally after the first week in November.

WINTER.-Large numbers winter on the western shore of the Lower Peninsula, smaller flocks on the St. Mary's River, Upper Peninsula; few winter inland.

Upper Peninsula.-Christofferson and Magee have noted a few nearly every winter on the St. Mary's River at Sault Ste Marie. Christofferson also reported 9 at Blaney, Schoolcraft County, on February 10, and 12 on February 27, 1934; near Manistique in the same county he noted flocks of 25 to 50 in February, 1936, and E. E. Crawford found similar numbers there in March, 1937.

Lower Peninsula.-The largest concentrations of these ducks have been found on the western coast of this peninsula. Near Frankfort, Benzie County, more than 1500 were secured in a single haul of fish nets in December, 1934 (Cottam, 1939: 74). Near St. Joseph, Berrien County, Walkinshaw saw "thousands" on January 27, 1935, and 200 on February 25, 1934. Single individuals or small numbers have been reported from several inland localities and on the southeastern coast of the peninsula. Trautman saw 1 at Lovells, Crawford County, on February 16, 1935; Miller Empey reported a few at Freeland, Saginaw County, in early February, 1940; in the Ann Arbor area, where a few are occasionally observed, James H. Wood saw 6 on February 20, 1936; at Three Rivers, St. Joseph County, Bryens saw 1 in late January and early February, 1927; Walkinshaw saw 3 near Battle Creek on February 23, 1936; and M. Guy collected 1 (U.M.M.Z.) at Jackson on February 1,1929. In the southeastern corner of Michigan, R. E. Olsen and A. D. Tinker saw 8 at Gibraltar Bay, Wayne County, on January 31, 1937, and B. E. Campbell collected 1 (U.M.M.Z.) in Erie Township, Monroe County, on February 10, 1934.

SPRING.-Departure from the south usually occurs by the middle of April, and from the northern end of Lake Michigan and the Upper Peninsula in early May.

Lower Peninsula.-An individual was seen by H. W. Hann at Pleasant Lake, Washtenaw County, on April 14, 1930; near St. Joseph, Berrien County, 1 was seen by A. W. Schorger (1926: 536) as late as May 5 (1926). In 1938 Durward L. Alien noted departure from the vicinity of Saugatuck, Allegan County, about April 14. Several specimens (U.M.M.Z.) were collected at Bayport, Huron County, by Pirnie on May 9, 1929. Numerous small flocks, totaling 150 birds, were seen at Sutton's Bay, Leelanau County, by J. B. Hendryx on April 15, 1928. Five to 10 of the species were seen daily at Beaver Island, Charlevoix County, during the first half of May, 1929, by N. A. Wood, D. Magoon, and James H. Wood. James H. Wood noted 500 there on May 18, 1925.

Upper Peninsula.-Seven were seen at Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, by Brodkorb on May 10, 1936. The species was present at Isle Royale during the last week in April (East, 1936: 51) and as late as May 27 (1930-N. A. Wood).

SUMMER.-A solitary male in summer plumage was observed at very close range near Hessel [Mackinac County], August 11, 1920. The bird seemed to be in good condition and flew readily when too closely approached" (Van Tyne, 1923: 22).

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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