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 Green-winged Teal

Status in Michigan
Common Transient

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Green-winged Teal.

Use the links below to view the Green-winged Teal reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Green-winged Teal sightings.
Green-winged Teal Archives Reports
Fall 2003 252
Spring 2003 2169
Winter 02-03 16
Fall 2002 548
Summer 2002 7
Spring 2002 690
Winter 01-02 6
Fall 2001 97
Summer 2001 1
Spring 2001 1250
Winter 00-01 8
Fall 2000 192
Summer 2000 6
Spring 2000 631
Winter 00-99 7
Fall 1999 318
Spring/Summer 1999 11

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Green-winged Teal

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Green-winged Teal
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Green-winged Teal
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text

Anas carolinensis Gmelin
Green-winged Teal

Uncommon transient; a few occur in summer and a very few breed. Reported in winter from Monroe and Calhoun counties. First listed for Michigan by Sager (1839 : 417). The species was formerly reported as a common or even abundant transient (Gibbs, 1879: 494; 1885: 167; A. J. Cook, 1893o: 39; and others), but during the last several decades it has been reported in large numbers from only a few localities, notably the Erie marsh, Monroe County (Phil- lips, 1923: 241; L. W. Campbell, 1940: 44).

SPRING.-The species has been noted in small groups of usually less than 10, mainly from late March to late April in the south, and from late April to late May in the Upper Peninsula.

Lower Peninsula.-In the Toledo-Erie marsh area, L. W. Campbell (1940: 186, 200) recorded individuals from March 6 to April 29 (average dates), larger numbers from March 16 to April 17 (average dates). In the Ann Arbor region arrival is occasionally reported by the third week of March, but more frequently in the last week of March and the first week of April. At Portage Lake marsh, Jackson County (R. E. Olsen, A. D. Tinker, Fargo, and others), a very few (10 or less) are seen each year between March 22 (10 in 1936) and April 28 (2 in 1935). The species was listed April 5, 1931, and April 7, 1935, in Calhoun County by Walkinshaw. Though at Vicksburg F. W. Rapp (1931: 3) found this teal "common" from March 29 (1908) to April 18 (1926), a few miles to the north in the Gull Lake area, Pirnie reported only "small numbers" in 1938. In the marshes near Saugatuck, Allegan County, Pirnie and H. L. Bradley saw 40 on March 28,1938, and a flock of about 22 the next day. N. A. Wood noted the species on April 27, 1926, at Fish Point, Tuscola County; and a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) was collected in Huron County on April 5, 1911.

Upper Peninsula.-At Munuscong Bay, Chippewa County, Van Tyne re- corded several pairs on May 1, 1933, and Christofferson, who, over a period of years had found no others there in spring, recorded 8 birds there on May 6, 1928. At Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, Walkinshaw recorded 2 on May 29, 1934. For Blaney, Schoolcraft County, Christofferson gave 2 records: April 23 and 24,1931, 5 or more birds; and May 22, 1935,1 male. The species was listed at Seney, in the same county, on May 4, 2023 (2 ob- served by Christofferson), and on May 7, 2023 (Walkinshaw).

SUMMER.-There are early breeding records (Gibbs, 1879: 494; A. J. Cook, 1893a: 39; Boies, 1897:18; and others); but they lack details. Miller Empey and J. E. Swackhamer reported a nest with 10 eggs at Linwood, Bay County, on June 9,1930.

Lower Peninsula.-As a summer visitant, the species has been observed regularly in every month in the Erie marsh, Monroe County (maximum of 75 birds on July 7, 1935, recorded by L. W. Campbell, 1940: 44), but on only a few occasions elsewhere. At Portage Lake marsh, Jackson County, July 19, 1936, a male and female were observed by A. D. Tinker and E. E. Olsen; and on August 29,1929, 5 individuals by Roger T. Peterson. Pirnie observed a male on June 18,1939, and 1 on August 1,1937, in the Gull Lake area, Kalamazoo County. F. N. Blanchard reported several birds found at the northern tip of the peninsula; 2 on August 17, 1931, at Cecil Bay, Emmet County; 1 on June 29,1936, near Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County; and a female collected on August 27, 1937, by Theodora Nelson at Cheboygan.

Upper Peninsula.-At Hessel, Mackinac County, August 11,1920, an individual was noted by Van Tyne (1923: 21); mating was reported by Christofferson at Munuscong Bay, Chippewa County, on June 6, 1926; and on Drummond Island, on July 30,1938, a bird-of-the-year (U.M.M.Z.) well able to fly, was secured by T. D. Hinshaw. At Goose Island, Mackinac County, June 30, 1937, a downy young was banded by C. C. and F. E. Ludwig. At Seney, Schoolcraft County, 5 birds were noted by Pirnie on August 7,1936, and from June 2 to 11,1938,1 to 5 were seen by Brodkorb almost daily, the birds nearly always in pairs and some of them exhibiting courtship behavior; the following year, H. L. Bradley reported "a female with five young ob- served on June 14, 1939, six males noted occasionally during the summer, and a juvenile female, captured and banded August 31."

FALL.-Migration is reported in both peninsulas from early September, but chiefly from late September until (in southern counties) early November.

Upper Peninsula.-The species was reported from Isle Royale on September 2, 2023 (5 seen by Fargo), and on September 4, 2023 or 1905 (Max M. Peet, 1909: 345; 1909o; 118); from the Huron Mountains, Marquette County, October 2, 3, and 20 (9 shot, reported by S. S. Gregory, Jr., 1929:173; and notes); from Hartney's Lake, Alger County, on November 6,2023 (1 caught, reported by Pirnie, 1935: 306); from Seney, Schoolcraft County, on September 25, 1936, when 1 (U.M.M.Z.) was collected there; and from Blaney, Schoolcraft County, where Christofferson reported a few seen from September 11 (1, in 1931) to October 19 (10, in 1930). At Munuscong Bay, Chippewa County, small groups of about 25 maximum were reported from September 5 (10 birds in 1927) to October 30 (1928); "many" were reported there on October 5, 1923; 1 was banded there on October 24, 1929, that was shot at Wellington, Missouri, on October 31 the same year (Christofferson). Three (U.M.M.Z.) were collected at Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, September 16 to 27, 1929.

Lower Peninsula.-There are reports from Benzie County, September 5, 2023 (2 seen by David E. Davis); from Muskegon, October 8, 2023 (Pirnie, 1935: 306); and from Alcona County, October 20 (J. Claire Wood, 1913:14). From the shores of Saginaw Bay (Max M. Peet; N. A. Wood, 1911:87-88; Pirnie, 1935: 306) there are a few specimens (U.M.M.Z.) collected between September 14 (1910) and November 6 (1926 and 1932); Mershon (1923: 80) found this teal common there in November. At Vicksburg and the Gull Lake area, Kalamazoo County, the species has been reported from September 12 (1911) to November 4 (1907) by F. W. Rapp (1931: 3) and Rysgaard (1940: 19), and occasionally until November 15 (Gibbs, 1885:167) ; in the same area, Pirnie (1935: 13) found the species "usually fairly common during the late September and early October flights," but later (1940, notes) spoke of "small numbers" only, with 16 (on October 26, 2023) the largest flock recorded. At Portage Lake and Waterloo, Jackson County, the species has been reported in fall in very small numbers, from September 2 (1 seen in 1931 by R. E. Olsen and Leonard Wing) to October 29 (2 specimens collected in 1938 by Walter Koelz). Departure is recorded in the Ann Arbor region in September (September 16, in 1917) and October (October 27, 1925, when 20 were seen). At Gibraltar and the mouth of the Detroit River, 30 were seen by Trautman on October 21, 1935, and 1 shot on November 29, 1928, that had been banded the preceding October 30 by Christofferson at Munuscong Bay. The species was recorded in the Monroe County marshes from September 13 and 14 (7 noted in 1932 by Trautman) to November 24 (1 shot in 1904, according to Swales). In the Toledo-Erie marsh area L. W. Campbell (1940: 200) gave September 19 to November 11 as the average period of fall flight.

WINTER.-Small numbers winter regularly at the sulphur spring, Erie marsh, Monroe County (L. W. Campbell, 1940: 44; and notes); L. W. and B. R. Campbell recorded a few there on December 29, 1935, and 9 that had wintered through at least February 16 in 1934. In the same vicinity, 1 was observed on February 26, 1933, by Van Tyne and T. H. Weller. Swales, in a list of winter birds of Wayne County (1904o: 83), mentioned a Green- winged Teal shot in early December, 1903, "off Fighting Island," but this may be an Ontario record. Individuals and once a group of 9 were reported in the Battle Creek (Calhoun County) to Wintergreen Lake (Kalamazoo County) area in late December of successive years (Kingsley and others, 1932: 58; Pirnie and others, 1933: 40; 1934: 44); and at Wintergreen Lake, 1 was noted on January 3, 1932, by Walkinshaw, and 1 on January 7,1934, by Pirnie.

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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