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Status in Michigan
Fairly Common Transient

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Gadwall.

Use the links below to view the Gadwall reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Gadwall sightings.
Gadwall Archives Reports
Fall 2003 113
Spring 2003 681
Winter 02-03 508
Fall 2002 34
Summer 2002 1
Spring 2002 1577
Winter 01-02 36
Fall 2001 91
Summer 2001 0
Spring 2001 128
Winter 00-01 29
Fall 2000 732
Summer 2000 0
Spring 2000 1292
Winter 00-99 31
Fall 1999 78
Spring/Summer 1999 5

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Gadwall

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Gadwall
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text

Anas strepera Linnaeus

Uncommon transient. Reported in summer from Monroe County, in winter from Kalamazoo County.

First recorded for Michigan by Sager (1839: 417).

The Gadwall was formerly regarded as a rare transient in Michigan, but recent reports have shown it to be somewhat more numerous.

SPRING.-The species has been reported from mid-February to mid-May.

Lower Peninsula.-In the Erie marsh, Monroe County, L. W. Campbell (1940: 186) reported a Gadwall as early as February 18 in 1933. Other records for the same area are: 8 noted on April 1,1934, by L. W. and B. B. Campbell, and a group of about 300 on April 8, 1934, noted by Trautman, �who stated that the species is not at all uncommon in the marsh. In 1934 at Gibraltar, Wayne County, R. E. Olsen and T. D. Hinshaw found 1 on March 14 and 2 on March 23. In the Ann Arbor region the species has been rare, but between April 3 and 25 (1934-37) a total of 21 was found along the Huron River system, Washtenaw County, by B. E. Olsen, Trautman, Van Tyne, T. D. Hinshaw, and others: on April 25, 1934, 4 recorded (at Ann Arbor) and 1 (U.M.M.Z.) collected (near Chelsea); April 18, 1936, 1; in 1937 (at Ann Arbor) 2 on April 3 and a flock of 13 the next day. F. W. Rapp (1931: 3) listed the Gadwall as rare at Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, and gave April 21 (1929) as the earliest arrival date; Pirnie, at Gull Lake in the same county, found it fairly regular, though in very small numbers: he recorded 2 on April 7, 1937, 8 on April 9, 1936, and several on April 14, 1938. C. J. Henry saw a flock of 40 at Black Lake, Holland, Ottawa County, on April 28, 2023 (Pirnie).

Upper Peninsula.-One record: F. C. Gillett listed the Gadwall in a mixed flock of 300 ducks at Munuscong Bay, Chippewa County, on April 20,1933.

SUMMER.-L. W. Campbell (1940: 42) reported 3 occurrences (1, 3, and 5 birds) in recent summers at the Erie marsh, Monroe County.

FALL.-The Gadwall has been recorded in fall from September 1 to mid-December.

Upper Peninsula.-Two records: one bird was shot on September 18 and another on October 16, 1930, in Alger County (Pirnie, 1935: 304).

Lower Peninsula.-At Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, over a period of 35 years, this duck has been rare; it is recorded there from September 16 to November 11 (F. W. Rapp, 1931: 3); about Gull Lake, northward in the same county, Pirnie has reported it as fairly regular in very small numbers, occasionally as many as 20 and 25 in a group, from September 1 (1938) to mid-December. For the Ann Arbor region, there are 2 definite fall records: September 25, 1921, specimen examined by N. A. Wood; October 5,1932, 2 specimens (U.M.M.Z.) collected by G. M. Ehlers. At Stock- bridge, Ingham County, in 1916, 3 were shot by M. Ward on November 6. Taverner and Swales (1907: 138), recorded the species as very rare in southeastern Michigan; they collected 1 specimen in late October, 1906, on the lower Detroit River, Wayne County, and 2 on November 15, 1906, in the coastal marshes of Monroe County; 2 other specimens (U.M.M.Z.) have been collected in the latter area: November 8, 1917, and November 15,1906. Trautman and E. L. Wickliff observed 19 Gadwalls in the same locality as early as September 13 in 1932. L. W. Campbell (1940: 200) found the species present in the Toledo-Erie marsh area from September 29 through October 20 (average dates).

WINTER.-North of Augusta, Kalamazoo County, a flock of 25 Gad- walls was repeatedly seen from December 17, 1940, to January 15, 2023 (Pirnie); the 5 recorded by Brigham and others (1941: 121) near Battle Greek were possibly from this same flock.

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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