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 Eastern Wood-Pewee

Status in Michigan
Common Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Eastern Wood-Pewee.

Use the links below to view the Eastern Wood-Pewee reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Summer 2005
View Eastern Wood-Pewee sightings.
Eastern Wood-Pewee Archives Reports
Spring 2005
Fall 2004
Spring 2004
Winter 03-04
Fall 2003 53
Spring 2003 20
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 22
Summer 2002 73
Spring 2002 18
Winter 01-02 0
Fall 2001 28
Summer 2001 72
Spring 2001 24
Winter 00-01 0
Fall 2000 17
Summer 2000 50
Spring 2000 17
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 6
Spring/Summer 1999 14

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Eastern Wood-Pewee

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text
The Birds of Michigan - by: Norman A. Wood
Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75

Contopus virens (Linnaeus)
Eastern Wood Pewee (A.O.U. 1998: Eastern Wood-Pewee)

Common summer resident.

First listed for Michigan by Sager (1839: 413): "Tyrannula virens."

SPRING.-Arrival is reported in southern counties in early May and in the Upper Peninsula in late May.

Lower Peninsula.-L. W. Campbell (1940: 205) has given May 20 as the average date for the beginning of main flight in the Toledo-Erie marsh area. In the Detroit region (Swales, 1903: 36) and in the Ann Arbor area, earliest arrivals are usually noted in the first 2 weeks of May; A. D. Tinker reported 1 at Ann Arbor as early as April 28 (1916). N. A. Wood (1922: 18) first noted the species in Berrien County, where he listed it as rather rare, on May 7 (1918), and Walkinshaw has regularly recorded it during the past decade in the vicinity of Battle Creek between May 10 and 15. R. E. Olsen and A. D. Tinker saw 2 Eastern Wood Pewees in Hartland Township, Livingston County, as early as April 15 (1934). Q. A. Ammann observed 1 at the Prairie Farm, Alicia, Saginaw County, on May 16,1940, and D. W. Douglass reported arrival on Sand Point, Huron County, by May 19 (1931 to 3933). In the vicinity of Red Oak, Oscoda County, R. E. Olsen and A. D. Tinker saw an individual on May 30, 1934, and William Brewster collected 1 (M.C.Z.) at Oden, Emmet County, May 28, 1888.

Upper Peninsula.-There is relatively little information from the Upper Peninsula on the spring migration. Christofferson, at Blaney, Schoolcraft County, has noted Pewees in the last 10 days of May (1 seen May 22, 1933;5 seen May 28, 2023). S. S. Gregory, Jr. (1929 : 179), noted arrival in the Huron Mountains, Marquette County, on May 24. The only definite spring record from Isle Royale is an individual seen by N. A. Wood on May 16, 1930.

SUMMER.-The Eastern Wood Pewee nests in the latter part of May, throughout June, and occasionally in late July.

Lower Peninsula.-Records from Wayne County include a nest with 3 eggs (U.M.M.Z.) taken by F. C. Hubel on June 8, 1898, and 1 with 3 small young found by J. B. Purdy (1891: 28) on August 3. N. A. Wood (1922:18) found a nest on June 11 in Berrien County, and F. W. Rapp (1931: 18) listed nesting dates from May 15 (4 eggs, 1904) to June 19 (4 eggs, 1904) for the vicinity of Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County. N. A. Wood and Gaige (1911: 289) noted a number of nests in northwestern Huron County in 1908 (1 on July 1 with 3 young; 1 on July 4 with 3 eggs). The species was re- corded as a common breeder on Charity Island, Huron County, in 1911 (N. A. Wood, 1912o; 185), in Mason County by Chaney (1910: 275), and in Crawford and neighboring counties by N. A. Wood and Frothing- ham (1905: 48-49). The Pewee was reported "common" on the Fox (1939) and Manitou (1940) islands, Leelanau County, by A. E. Staebler and L. D. Case; and on Beaver Island (1937), Charlevoix County, by T. D. Hinshaw and R. E. Morrill. Van Tyne (1925: 620) said that the species occurred "rather sparingly" on the mainland of Charlevoix County in 1923, but in Cheboygan County, Blanchard and Nelson (MS of 1937) listed numerous nests and noted young in the nests from July 2 to 19 (1908 to 1937) .

Upper Peninsula.-In Chippewa County the species was found on Drummond Island during the summer of 1938 by T. D. Hinshaw and R. A. MacMullan, and on Whitefish Point it was noted as a common summer resident in 1912 and 1914 by N. A. Wood (1914: 66). Christofferson recorded a nest near Blaney, Schoolcraft County, on July 20, 1938. F. M. Gaige (1914:83-84) saw the birds only rarely in early July, 1909, in Dickinson County. Van Tyne saw Eastern Wood Pewees regularly in the Huron Mountains, Marquette County, from June 21 to 27, 1936. To the west at Golden Lake, Iron County, John L. George and R. L. Patterson listed the species as a common summer resident in 1938. N. A. "Wood, Peet, and McCreary (1906:116) collected an adult female (U.M.M.Z.) on July 30, 1904, and found a nest on July 23 in the Porcupine Mountains, Ontonagon County.

FALL.-The fall migration occurs in August and the first week of September in the Upper Peninsula and 1 or 2 weeks later in southern counties.

Upper Peninsula.-Fargo reported 9 Pewees on Isle Royale between August 31 and September 3,1924. S. S. Gregory, Jr. (1929:179), indicated that the species remained in the Huron Mountains, Marquette County, until September 21, and he collected a specimen from that locality on September 4, 1934. F. M. Gaige (1914: 83-84) noted that Pewees became common in Dickinson County in late July, and they were still common when he left in late August (1909). One (U.M.M.Z.) was collected by E. T. Hooper on August 18, 1940, near Stephenson. Menominee County, and 2 were seen at Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, by Fargo, September 7 to 8, 1925. In the vicinity of McMillan, Luce County, Bryens usually records this fly- catcher through the first week of September and occasionally later (1 seen September 13, 1940; 1, September 21, 2023).

Lower Peninsula.-N. A. Wood and Frothingham (1905: 48) listed the species as common in 1903 on September 6 in Crawford County, September 13 in Oscoda County, and September 21 in Iosco County. N. A. Wood (1911: 97) found it common and observed it nearly every day from August 17 to September 20 (1910) on Charity Island, Huron County. In Kalamazoo County, Gibbs (1885:134) reported Pewees as common until September 15. Leonard Wing saw 10 on September 16, 1931, near South Haven, Van Buren County, and noted 1 on September 18 and 19. Swales (1903: 36) recorded departure from the Detroit region September 15 to 20; and L. W. Campbell (1940:191, 205) gave September 18 as the average date for the end of main flight in the Toledo-Erie marsh area; but stragglers have been reported by Campbell as late as October 4 (1936) and by Swales as late as October 7 (3 in 1906).

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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