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 Black-and-white Warbler

Status in Michigan
Fairly Common Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Black-and-white Warbler.

Use the links below to view the Black-and-white Warbler reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Black-and-white Warbler sightings.
Black-and-white Warbler Archives Reports
Fall 2003 64
Spring 2003 107
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 38
Summer 2002 6
Spring 2002 117
Winter 01-02 0
Fall 2001 51
Summer 2001 25
Spring 2001 206
Winter 00-01 0
Fall 2000 17
Summer 2000 11
Spring 2000 100
Winter 00-99 0
Fall 1999 88
Spring/Summer 1999 20

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Black-and-white Warbler

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Black-and-white Warbler
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Black-and-white Warbler
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Mniotilta varia (Linnaeus)
Black and White Warbler

Common transient. Summer resident south to Newaygo, Livingston, and Wayne counties.

First recorded for Michigan by Sager (1839: 414).

SPRING.-Arrival is recorded in the south during the last of April or in early May, and on Isle Royale by the middle of May.

Lower Peninsula.-The main flight has usually been recorded by L. W. Campbell (1940: 207) in the Toledo-Erie marsh area about May 4, and by Swales in the Detroit area in early May; in 1912, Swales saw 25 on May 4; 20 on May 10; and 30 on May 19. At Ann Arbor arrival is usually recorded during the last few days of April or the first week of May, though in 1905 N. A. Wood observed an individual there as early as April 9. In Berrien County N. A. Wood (1922: 25) noted individuals on April 29 (1918) and larger numbers during the second week of May. From 1930 to 1940 Walkinshaw observed arrival in Calhoun County the first week of May. In Kalamazoo County, in 1880, B. F. Sykes collected a specimen (U.M.M.Z.) as early as April 18. D. W. Douglass noted first arrivals at Sand Point, Huron County, between April 30 and May 3 during the years 1931 to 1933, and listed 12 or more May 11,1931, and May 10 and 11, 1932. R. L. Patterson reported an individual at Traverse City on May 8, 1939, and N. A. Wood noted the species on Beaver Island, Charlevoix County, on May 7 and 13, 1929.

Upper Peninsula.-Arrival has been reported at Blaney, Schoolcraft County, by the second week in May (Christofferson-2 individuals seen May 10, 1932, and 1 on May 13, 2023); at Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, on May 13 (1938, 2 specimens in U.M.M.Z. taken by Brodkorb), and on May 22 (N. A. Wood, 1914: 70); in the Huron Mountains, Marquette County, on May 12 (1921, 2 specimens collected by S. S. Gregory, Jr.); at Copper Harbor, Keweenaw County, on April 24 (2 seen by N. A. "Wood- 1933: 728); and on Isle Royale on May 15 (1937, by Laurence Dayton), and on May 13 (1930, by N. A. Wood).

SUMMER.-Nesting records extend from late May through June.

Lower Peninsula.-In Gratiot Township, Wayne County, Swales (1904:38) and J. Claire Wood found a nest with 3 eggs on May 30, 1900, and J. Claire Wood a nest with a Cowbird 's egg and 2 young warblers on June 3 the same year. T. D. Hinshaw and A. D. Tinker collected 2 juveniles (U.M.M.Z.) in Hartland Township, Livingston County, on July 4, 1934. Young birds'(U.M.M.Z.) were taken at Sand Point, Huron County, in mid- July (N. A. Wood and Gaige, 1911: 297) and fledglings have been observed in Mason County (Chaney, 1910: 277) and in Newaygo County (Ford, 1935: 21). Van Tyne (1925: 624) noted singing males in late June in Charlevoix County, and Barrows (1904: 80) found the species abundant on Braver Island in the early part of July.

Upper Peninsula.-Van Tyne (1923: 24) noted fledglings on Les Cheneaux Islands, Mackinac County, on July 22. Specimens (U.M.M.Z.) were secured by T. D. Hinshaw and E. A. MacMullan on Drummond Island, Chippewa County, in late June and in July. The species was listed as occasional in summer at Blaney, Schoolcraft County, by Christofferson; as a fairly common summer resident in the Huron Mountains, Marquette County, by S. S. Gregory, Jr. (1929: 184); as present in small numbers from May 27 to late July at Whitefish Lake, Alger County, by N. A. Wood (1918:12); and as apparently nesting during late June and in July at Golden Lake, Iron County, by John L. George and R. L. Patterson. The species has not been reported from Isle Royale during June or July.

FALL.-Migrants are reported during the latter part of August and through most of September.

Upper Peninsula.-A few individuals have been observed on Isle Royale through August (Peet, 1909 : 372), and the species was listed there by Fargo on September 2 in 1924. N. A. Wood, Peet, and McCreary (1906: 118) recorded an individual in the Porcupine Mountains, Ontonagon County, August 5. In Dickinson County, F. M. Gaige (1914: 88) noted first arrivals on July 5, observed small flocks by early August, and a few stragglers after August 11. On Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, N. A. Wood (1914: 70) saw 1 Black and White Warbler with a flock of other warblers on July 31, and Fargo saw several there between August 21 and September 6 in 1925. Christofferson has recorded numbers at Blaney, Schoolcraft County: 8 on August 18, 1938; 10 on August 16, 1940; and 20 on September 20,1937.

Lower Peninsula.-Chaney (1910: 277) observed the main flight through Mason County during the last week of August, and stragglers until the third week of September. N. A. Wood (1911:105) recorded migrants on Charity Island, Huron County, from August 26 to 29, finding them most numerous on August 28, and noted 2 stragglers later, 1 on September 17 and 1 on September 28. In 1912, at Grosse lie Swales observed 30 on August 24; 2 on September 4; 20 on September 22; 40 on September 23; and, in 1909, he re- corded 2 there as late as October 16. L. W. Campbell (1940: 207) gave August 20 to September 20 as the average period for main flight in the Toledo-Erie marsh area.

Mueseum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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