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 Baltimore Oriole

Status in Michigan
Common Transient summer resident

Early Spring Date

Late Fall Date
Note: Early and Late Dates are being researched.
Image Credits
Count totals in the NMB Databases for Baltimore Oriole.

Use the links below to view the Baltimore Oriole reports in the respective databases.
If there are zero sightings for a particular season, that database will return no results.

Active Database - Spring 2005
View Baltimore Oriole sightings.
Baltimore Oriole Archives Reports
Fall 2003 68
Spring 2003 261
Winter 02-03 0
Fall 2002 25
Summer 2002 21
Spring 2002 245
Winter 01-02 0
Fall 2001 16
Summer 2001 24
Spring 2001 131
Winter 00-01 2
Fall 2000 14
Summer 2000 41
Spring 2000 145
Winter 00-99 6
Fall 1999 52
Spring/Summer 1999 22

NMB Database
Seasonal Percentage Graph
For: Baltimore Oriole

Whitefish Point Bird Observatory
Active Database - Fall 2003
View Fall 2003 sightings.
Whitefish Point Bird Observatory Official Seasonal Count Summaries for the Baltimore Oriole
Fall 1999-Spring 2002
Baltimore Oriole
Note: Some species will not be present in the WPBO archives and will return no records.

Search "The Birds of Michigan" text.

Home - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Hypothetical List - Literature Cited

Historical Text
The Birds of Michigan - by: Norman A. Wood
Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75

Icterus galbula (Linnaeus)
Baltimore Oriole

Summer resident, common in the southern half of Michigan, uncommon and local in the north.

First recorded for Michigan by Sager (1839 : 414).

SPRING.-The species generally reaches Michigan in the latter part of April and appears in the Upper Peninsula after mid-May.

Lower Peninsula.-Swales (1903: 37) noted arrival in the southeast in late April and early May, and recorded the species as early as April 25 in 1896 and 1899. Individuals arrive in the Ann Arbor area at about the same time (1 recorded by L. D. Case on April 20, 2023), and greater numbers about the middle of May (15 recorded by John L. George on May 8, 1938, and 10 on May 21,2023). Arrival has been recorded by N. A. Wood (1922:20) in Berrien County on May 8 ; by Walkinshaw in Calhoun County in the last few days of April or in early May; by Barrows (1912 : 450) in Lansing on April 19 (1896) ; and by G. A. Ammann, at the Prairie Farm, Alicia, Saginaw County, on May 7 (1940). D. W. Douglass saw a few Baltimore Orioles at Sand Point, Huron County, in early May (1931 to 1933) and by the latter part of the month listed the species as a common migrant. The only definite spring record from the northern part of the Lower Peninsula is the report by R. L. Patterson of 2 Baltimore Orioles at Traverse City on May 8, 1939.

Upper Peninsula.-The only spring data are from Christofferson, at Blaney, Schoolcraft County, and Bryens, at McMillan, Luce County, -who have found that the species usually arrives between May 20 and 25, although Christofferson has seen an individual as early as May 13 (1940) and May 16 (1937).

SUMMER.-This oriole is found nesting from late May to late June.

Lower Peninsula.-Swales (1903: 37; and notes) found the species a common summer resident in the Detroit area, recording 1 nest with 4 eggs on May 29, 1892, and 4 nests with young on June 19, 1911. In the Ann Arbor area, R. E. Morrill and T. D. Hinshaw found a nest with 2 young about ready to leave on June 9, 1936; Morrill reported a nest on May 11, 1939, and Frank J. Hinds saw one on May 26, 1934. N. A. "Wood (1922:20) recorded the species in Berrien County in June and early July; F. W. Rapp (1931: 20) listed it as a common summer resident in the vicinity of Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, noting 1 nest with 2 eggs on May 20, 1896, and 1 with 4 eggs on June 13, 1894. A fledgling was collected by G. A. Ammann at the Prairie Farm, Alicia, Saginaw County, on July 4, 1940, and several fledglings were seen by N. A. Wood and Gaige (1911: 291) in northwestern Huron County on July 13. Chaney (1910: 275) found the species '' uncommon'' in Mason County during the summer, and Van Tyne (1925: 621) recorded an individual at Boyne City, Charlevoix County, and another at Charlevoix, during the latter part of June. A noticeable increase since 1930 at Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, is indicated by Blanchard and Nelson (MS of 1937), who recorded several nests there, 1 (on June 30) with 3 young about to leave.

Upper Peninsula.-Although there seems to be no definite nesting record for the species in the Upper Peninsula, it probably breeds there. N. A. "Wood (1918:10) saw an Oriole at Whitefish Lake, Alger County, in early summer. A male Oriole was observed singing on Drummond Island, Chippewa County, from June 17 to 22 in 1938 by R. A. MacMullan and T. D. Hinshaw. The northernmost record seems to be that of N. A. Wood (1933:723) who saw an individual at Copper Harbor, Keweenaw County, on May 27.

FALL.-The species usually leaves Michigan in late August and early September.

Upper Peninsula.-The only data are from Bryens at McMillan, Luce County. He has recorded the Baltimore Oriole there, at the latest, July 14 in 1935, July 28 in 1936, and September 26 in 1933.

Lower Peninsula.-F. W. Rapp (1931: 20) recorded this oriole as still in the vicinity of Vicksburg, Kalamazoo County, on September 3 in 1911 and 1921. N. A. Wood saw 1 near Ann Arbor on September 10, 1919, and 1 at Portage Lake, Washtenaw County, as late as September 20, 1920. Swales (1903: 37; and notes) found the species left the Detroit area usually in early September; he recorded 5 Orioles there on August 20, 1905; 4 on September 2, 1911; and 1 on September 17, 1910. L. W. Campbell (1940: 196) has found that these orioles leave the Toledo-Erie marsh area by the last of August or first of September.

Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 75
The Birds of Michigan
By: Norman A. Wood
University of Michigan Press
August 28, 2023

Digitized by: Keith F. Saylor
[email protected]

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